Wednesday, 17 September 2014

Notes on Indian Embroidery-1

1. Indian Embroidery is as old as gold. There are some great examples of embroideries found in the remnants of Indus Valley Civilization. 

2. Floral motifs in the embroidery were introduced by Mugals and persians. Brefore that thre were geometrical designs. There is a marked similarity in the embroidery found in the embrodiery depicted on frescos of Ajanta and Phulkari. 

3. Phulkari can be classified basis regions. Some examples are embroideries from Kashmir and Chamba Rumal of Himachal Pradesh from the Northern regions. From Eastern region, Kantha and Satgaon quilts from Bengal and applique work from Orissa are notable examples. From Western region, Kutch produces exquisite embroideries, Punjab Phulkaries and Rajasthan produces gota and applique work. From Ganges Valley, Bihar produces Kashida and Katwa work as well as Rumals depicting Mithila. Uttar Pradesh produces Zardozi, Phulpatti and Chikankari. From South India, Karnataka produces Kasuti and Andhra produces Banjara embroidery. 

4. Indian embroidery can be broadly classified as court embroidery- patronized by the royal court, Trade embroidery, Temple embroidery and Folk embroidery. Zardosi, chikankari are some of the examples of it. Examples of trade embroidery are mochi bharat, kashmir embroidery. chikankari, Satgaon quilts, chinai work. Examples of folk embroidery include that from Mithila, Kutch. Temple embroideries involve that done on Pichhwai, chamba rumals and Orissa.

5. Broadly Indian embroidery can be divided into silk embroidery, quilting, counted thread work, white work-phulpatti and chikankari, mirror work, gold and silver embroidery, applique and patch work and gold and silver ribbon work ( Badla).
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