Saturday, 22 March 2014

Technical Specifications of Some Popular Synthetic Fabrics-1



Here are the technical specifications of some of the popular synthetic fabrics used in India for Ethnic wear.

Poonam

Warp is a combination of 62/36/1770-"S" Semi dull crimp polyester and 62/36/1880-"Z" semi dull crimp Polyester(2 x2). Here 62 is the denier, 36 is the number of filaments and 1770 is the no of twists per meter.

Weft is the same as warp.

Total number of ends are 3840 in a reed space of 51 inches with a reed and pick of (72 x2) x 68. In a 100 meter cloth the weight of warp is 3.1 kg and that of weft is 2.5 kg to make a total of 5.6 kg of cloth.

Dani Chiffon

Warp is a combination of 20/6/1400 full dull Nylon "S" and "Z" and weft is the same as warp.

Total number of ends are 4080 in a reed space of 40 inches with a reed and pick of (96 x2) x 80. In a 100 meter cloth the weight of warp is 1.05 kg and that of weft is 0.75 kg to make a total of 1.8 kg of cloth.

Poonam Dani Chiffon

A popular fabric for dupatta is Poonam Dani Chiffon. It is a 100% polyester in plain weave. Warp is a combination of filament polyester yarn 75/36 denier twist 1800/S and 75/36 denier with 1800 TPM in Z direction. Weft is Filament polyester yarn with 75/36 denier twist is 1800/S and 75/36 denier with a twist of 1800/Z. It has a general width of 113 cm and a finished weight of 65 GSM.

Ideal tensile strength by grab test method for this fabric is 13.2 Kg for warp and 19.6 kg for weft. Tear strength with KMI tester is 3520 grams for warp and 3392 grams for weft.

It should have a rating of 5 in colorfastness to sunlight, washing, crocking, heat press and perspiration. Dimensional stability should have a tolerance of 2% after 3 cycle. Bow/Skew should be within 2%. It should have a rating of 5 in shade change and pilling under an abrasion testing of 10000 cycles. Length wise washing shrinkage should be 2% and width wise 1% maximum

100 x 100 Georgette

Warp is a combination of 100/44/1770 Viscose "S" and "Z", Weft is same as warp.

Total number of ends are 3276 in a reed space of 50 inches with a reed and pick of (64 x2) x 60. In a 100 meter cloth the weight of warp is 4.3 kg and that of weft is 3.6 kg to make a total of 7.9 kg of cloth.

Marble Chiffon
Warp is a combination of 50/48/2800-"S" of Semi Dull flat Poly and Weft is a combination of 50/48/3025 Z semi dull flat poly yarn. 

Total number of ends are 4600 in a reed space of 58 inches with a reed and pick of (76 x2) x 76. In a 100 meter cloth the weight of warp is 3.1 kg and that of weft is 3 kg to make a total of 6.1 kg of cloth.

China Yoryu Saree

Warp is a combination of 50/36 Bright flat Poly Sized and Weft is a combination of 50/36 Bright flat Poly Sized yarn.

Total number of ends are 6000 in a reed space of 59 inches with a reed and pick of (100 x2) x 80. In a 100 meter cloth the weight of warp is 3.9 kg and that of weft is 2.9 kg to make a total of 6.8 kg of cloth.


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