Thursday, 18 October 2007
Systems of Cutting
1. Hand Shears : Hand shears are normally used when cutting only single or double plies. The method is flexible enough to accommodate any fabric construction and pattern shapes. It is appropriate for made-to-measure garments. But it consumes a lot of time and the consequent high labour cost per garment.
It consists of a base plate, usually on roller for ease of movement, a stand carrying a straight vertical blade with varying edge characteristics and an electric motor above it, a handle for the cutter to direct the blade and a sharpening device. The base plate on its roller slider under the glazed paper which is spread below the bottom ply of fabric in the lay.
Two kinds of power are required to operate a straight knife. Motor power drives the reciprocating blade and operator power drives the knife through the lay.
Advantages: It is most common means of cutting lays because it is versatile, portable, cheaper then a bent knife, more accurate on curves than a round knife, relatively reliable and easy to maintain.
Blade diameter vary between 6 cm to 30 cm
Advantage: It is a fast machine , excellent for cutting straight lines or gradual curves.
Disadvantages: It is difficult for a circular blade to negotiate a tight curve, such as an arm hole
It consists of an electric motor with a continuously rotating steel blade. The blade knife passes through a slot in the cutting table in a fixed position, and the section of lay to be cut is moved past it.
Advantages: Bend knifs are used when a higher standard of cutting accuracy is required. They are used more in mens wear than in women’s wear as they are often used to cut large garment parts, such as large panels of jackets and overcoats.
Computer Controlled cutting
The input for this operation comes from the markers generated on computerized marker planning systems. The marker planning is transferred to the cutting unit by means of tapes or floppy discs etc.
Advantages: Computerised cutting is six to eight times faster than any manual method and produces cut components with a consistent level of accuracy.
Disadvantages: Requires a substantial initial investment.