Friday, 8 February 2013

How curing is important in pigment printing

A pigment has no affinity to fiber. It is insoluble in water. It needs binder for fixation onto fiber.  A binder is a prepolymer available in the form of aqueous emulsion. Chemically it is copolymer of UTYLACRYLATE-N-METHYLOL ACRYL AMIDE.  Mechanism of binding involves the following sequence: PRINT > DRY >CURE. During curing, the binder polymerises and forms a strong film.  The film embeds pigment color and also strongly adheres to the fiber. Curing is done at 150 degrees for 4-5 minutes. When curing is not proper the poor wash fastness and poor colorfastness will result. Assuming sufficient binder was added to the color paste, these problems are usually resolved by repeating the heat exposure ( Re curing)

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